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NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Mathematics

 

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Chapter 7. Triangles

Exercise 7.1

 

 

 

Chapter 7. Triangles


Exercise 7.1 

Q1. In quadrilateral ACBD, AC = AD and AB bisects ∠A (see Fig. 7.16). Show that Δ ABC ≅ Δ ABD.

Solution:

Given: AC = AD and AB bisects ∠A

To prove:  Δ ABC ≅ Δ ABD.

Proof: In Δ ABC and Δ ABD.                   

                      AC = AD       [given]               

                  ∠CAB = ∠BAD   [AB bisect ∠A]      

                       AB = AB         [Common]

By SAS Congruence Criterion Rule

                 Δ ABC ≅ Δ ABD

                      BC = BD [By CPCT]   Proved

Q2. ABCD is a quadrilateral in which AD = BC and ∠ DAB = ∠ CBA (see Fig.7.17). Prove that

(i) Δ ABD ≅ Δ BAC

(ii)   BD = AC

(iii)  ∠ ABD = ∠ BAC                                                                                        

Solution:

Given: ABCD is a quadrilateral in which AD = BC and ∠ DAB = ∠ CBA

To prove

(i) Δ ABD ≅ Δ BAC

(ii)   BD = AC                    

(iii)  ∠ ABD = ∠ BAC

Proof:  (i) In Δ ABD and Δ BAC

                         AD = BC        [given]

                   ∠ DAB = ∠ CBA   [given]

                         AB = AB         [Common]

  By SAS Congruency Criterion Rule

                  Δ ABD ≅ Δ BAC

(ii)                    BD = AC [CPCT]

(iii)            ∠ ABD = ∠ BAC    [CPCT]

Q3.  AD and BC are equal perpendiculars to a line segment AB (see the given figure). Show that CD bisects AB.

Solution: 

Given: AD and BC are equal perpendiculars to a line segment AB.

To prove: CD bisects AB.

Proof:    

In ∆BOC and ∆AOD

∠ BOC = ∠AOD (Vertically opposite angles)

 ∠CBO = ∠DAO (Each 90º)   

      BC = AD (Given)

By AAS Congruence Criterion Rule

  ∆BOC ≅ ∆AOD

       BO = AO (By CPCT)

Hence, CD bisects AB.

Q4. l and m are two parallel lines intersected by another pair of parallel lines p and q (See the given figure). Show that ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA

Solution:

Given: l and m are two parallel lines intersected by another pair of   parallel lines p and q.

To prove: ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA

Proof:   

In ∆ABC and ∆CDA,       

∠ BAC = ∠DCA (Alternate interior angles, as p || q)

     AC = CA (Common)

∠ BCA = ∠DAC (Alternate interior angles, as l || m)

By AAS Congruence Criterion Rule  

∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA

Q5. Line l is the bisector of an angle ∠A and B is any point on l. BP and BQ are perpendiculars from B to the arms of a (see the given figure). Show that: (i) ∆APB ≅ ∆AQB (ii) BP = BQ or B is equidistant from the arms of ∠A.

Solution:

Given: Line l is the bisector of an angle ∠A and B is any point on l. BP and BQ are perpendiculars from B to the arms of a.

To prove:

(i) ∆APB ≅ ∆AQB

(ii) BP = BQ or B is equidistant from the arms of ∠A.

Proof:  

In ∆APB and ∆AQB,

∠ APB = ∠AQB (Each 90º)

∠ PAB = ∠QAB (l is the angle bisector of A)

      AB = AB (Common)

By AAS Congruence Criterion Rule

 ∆APB ≅ ∆AQB

     BP = BQ    [CPCT]

it can be said that B is equidistant from the A.

Q6. In the given figure, AC = AE, AB = AD and ∠BAD = ∠EAC. Show that BC = DE.

Solution:

Given: AC = AE, AB = AD and ∠BAD = ∠EAC.

To prove: BC = DE.

Proof:  ∠BAD = ∠EAC   

   BAD + DAC = EAC + DAC

               BAC = DAE

    In ∆BAC and ∆DAE

             AC = AE (Given)

             AB = AD (Given)

           ∠BAC = ∠DAE (proved above)

By SAS Congruence Criterion Rule

          ∆BAC ≅ ∆DAE

               BC = DE (CPCT)

Q7.  AB is a line segment and P is its mid-point. D and E are points on the same side of AB such that ∠BAD =∠ ABE and ∠EPA = ∠DPB (See the given figure).

Show that: 

(i) ∆DAP ≅ ∆EBP

(ii) AD = BE

Solution:

Given: AB is a line segment and P is its mid-point. D and E are points on the same side Of AB such that ∠BAD =∠ ABE and ∠EPA = ∠DPB.

To prove:

(i) ∆DAP ≅ ∆EBP

(ii) AD = BE

Proof:  In ∆ DPA and ∆ EPB

∠EPA = ∠DPB

      EPA + DPE = DPB + DPE

             ∠ DPA = ∠EPB

      

        ∠BAD =∠ ABE (Given)

 

         ∠EPA = ∠DPB (Given)

 

             AP =BP (P is the midpoint of AB)

 

    By AAS Congruence Criterion Rule

 

          ∆DAP ≅ ∆EBP

                  AD = BE (CPCT)

 

 

 

 

 

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