Study Materials

NCERT Solutions for Class 6th Science

 

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Chapter 2. COMPONENTS OF FOOD

Exercise (NCERT Text Book)

 

 

 

Exercise (NCERT Text Book)

 

Q1.    Name the major nutrients in our food.

A – Proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins.

Q2.    Name the following:

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

A – Fats and carbohydrates.

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

A – Proteins.

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

A – Vitamins A.

(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

A – Calcium.

Q3. Name two foods each rich in:

(a) Fats

A – Ghee, Oils, butter, meat, egg, fish and nuts.

(b) Starch

A – Rice, Wheat, sugarcane, papaya, melon, mango and potato.

(c) Dietary fibre

Ans – fruits, vegetable and pulse.

(d) Protein

A – Pulse, soya bean, meat, milk, egg, fish and paneer.

 

Q4. Tick (√) the statements that are correct.

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ()

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ()

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

 

Ans :

(b)         (√)

(c)          (√)

 

Q5. Fill in the blanks.

(a) ______________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of ______________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ______________.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ____________ in our food.

 

Ans :

 

  1. Ricket
  2. Vitamin B 1
  3. Scurvy
  4. Vitamin A 

 

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